United Kingdom Sights

United Kingdom
The UK is full of natural contrasts - old and dreary bogs, heaths and incredibly blue lakes in the north of Scotland, spectacular cliffs and crystal-clear calm waters off the southern and western coasts, hilly cultivated Central England with parks and lawns, majestic mountains and green valleys of Wales the west. Each region of the country has a distinctive appearance, its distinctive traditions, culture and customs.

London - a cosmopolitan mix of all styles and epochs of history, generously "seasoned" colorful multi-ethnic population. In the capital, an incredible number of attractions including the world-famous historic sites, a lot of great stores and incomparable to anything nightlife. In London, about 80 theaters, more than 30 museums, among which the most popular British Museum, the Victoria and Albert Museum, Natural History Museum, London history, museum of history of imperial wars, the Transport Museum in Covent Garden, a charming museum of toys, the famous wax museum Madame Tussauds, Tate Gallery, National Gallery and the Courtauld Institute - the largest collection of paintings and sculptures, and many others.

Among the host of a variety of cultural and historical monuments are particularly famous Westminster Abbey (XIII-XVIII cc.) And the grand St. Paul - St. Paul's Cathedral (XVII-XVIII cc.), The main cathedral of the capital, was built in honor of the patron saint of London and became one of the symbols of the city. One of the curiosities of the cathedral - "whispering gallery", in which your ear to the wall, you can hear the words spoken in a whisper at a distance of 30-40 meters.

Tower of London castle (XI-XIV centuries.), The former at different times is just a fortress, a royal palace, a horrible prison that served as a place of confinement of political prisoners and the place of executions, the observatory or zoo. Known around the world Norman castle was built by King William the Conqueror in the XI century. Tower of London these days - is not just a museum and a treasury of English kings, but also quite independent small town with its inhabitants - "Beefeater" (of soldiers), the guardsmen and regular residents - crows, consisting of a special royal allowance. The continuing interest of tourists is a symbol of London - Gothic Bridge Tower. The castle is open to visitors on weekdays and Saturdays from 9.00 am on Sunday from 10.00 to 18.00.

West End is famous for its sparkling shop windows of expensive shops of Piccadilly, "bohemian", Covent Garden and Soho, with its eclectic nightclubs and symbolic figure of Eros, here are the aristocratic residential quarter of Mayfair, as well as the famous Westminster and Buckingham Palace, the royal - a study of the monarchy " . Here, the focus of royal power, hence the start all the ceremonial and celebratory of the dynasty, is opening session of the Parliament (House of Commons, the doors are open daily to the public), or a ceremony in honor of the Queen's birthday. If the flag is flying over the palace, then Her Majesty the house. The Royal Gallery regularly hold exhibitions from the royal collections.

Trafalgar Square - the main area of the country and the capital, where all distances are measured in the country. The area is decorated with three-meter figure of the monument to Admiral Nelson, who is on the column height of 45 meters.

Westminster Abbey (in translation from English - "Cathedral in the west") was created by members of the royal family of different generations, since 1040. In this very famous Abbey of the kingdom since 1066, the crown all the British monarchs. Buried in the cemetery of Westminster prominent people of the country - from the crowned personages England to Dickens, Kipling and Shaw. The temple is valid and in our days here have their own choir, and certainly choir school.

Big Ben - another symbol of London. Usually referred to as Big Ben tower or located on her watch, but in fact is exactly how 16-ton bell, the largest in the country, one of the five bells of the Great Clock Tower ", named after Benjamin Hall, who managed to install it. Fight "Westminster clock" is considered a symbol of Great Britain, you can hear the time signal, even on the radio BBC, C - they are considered the most accurate public clock England.

St James's Palace was built for Henry VIII in the XVI century. In the palace lived a royal chancellor. Country Osborne House, one of the residences of Queen Victoria, the centenary of the death of which the country is widely celebrated in 2001 - another "royal" attraction of the country. The Queen is always very fond of this house on the beach, built for her and Prince Albert in 1845 in a quiet village near London. Here, so far, everything looks exactly as it was during the life of one of the most revered in England queens. One of the most interesting historical sites of the country - home country residence of the kings of England - Windsor Castle.

National Gallery, founded by King George IV - one of the best museums in the world. Widely represented collection of Western art - a collection of 2,5 thousand paintings, among which the best artists of the Renaissance, paintings of famous Flemish, Dutch and Italian masters, an excellent exposition of contemporary art.

British Museum - one of the richest museums in the world, famous for its historical collections. Best art of ancient Egypt, Assyria, Ancient Greece, India, medieval manuscripts and many other rarities of all time are collected in this enormous exhibition. One of the most original museums in the world - Sherlock Holmes Museum on Baker Street. The obvious attraction of London - the oldest in Europe, Metro, which opened in 1863

Capital affects the abundance of parks, the most famous of which - Hyde Park, Regent's Park with a wonderful zoo, located near the museum, Madame Tussauds, Kew Gaydnz with conservatory, aquarium, and "House of Butterflies", as well as St. James - the oldest park capital. Also, in a great many places, one way or another connected with the music. Besides the classical Covent Garden, and many theaters, be sure to visit the Hard Rock Cafe, in which there were the Beatles, Elvis Presley, Elton John, Mick Dzhegger and many others, "Club 100" - the most famous and oldest jazz club in England as well as the museum "Rock sekus" in which a display devoted to the history of rock and pop music.

Excellent and very provincial England - sung in many of the legends of the city of Lincoln with the ancient fortress of England, the city of Bath got its name because it located the Roman baths, north of Chester, founded by the Romans even 2 thousand years ago, or New York - one of the most beautiful medieval towns in England Ministerial magnificent cathedral (the largest cathedral in Europe).

Durham - the most "dramatic" city in England. Situated on a peninsula surrounded on three sides by the waters of the River River Vea, city, entirely at the mercy of "a massive Norman cathedral, which was erected on a wooded promontory and looks more like the old cliff than to the temple. None of the hundreds of other British cathedrals do not have such an impact on the audience for its architecture. The Cathedral is adjacent to the ancient Norman castle and university colleges, while the rest have plenty of Durham itself barely fits in the remaining space on a form of tear cape.

Stratford, where Shakespeare's House Museum and the Royal Shakespeare Theater, and the university city of Cambridge and Oxford - the best place to get acquainted with the English tradition. Oxford - the oldest university city in England, the stronghold of English education, and just a very beautiful city with distinctive architecture.

Legendary Stonehenge (dated around 3100-1800 BC. E.) - The most famous prehistoric site in Europe. The appointment of Stonehenge there is debate over the centuries, the versions were the suggestion that this is the temple of the ancient Celts, and an astronomical observatory, and the fact that the creators of this megalithic ring of vertical stone slabs were aliens, but his mystery was never solved .

Northumberland - one of the most "wild" and least "tainted civilization" counties in England. Are located here, probably the greatest number of castles and battlefields, than anywhere else in England. The most interesting and famous tourist sites the district - Adrian Wall and Northumberland National Park. Herbal Cheviot Hills, elevated portion of the park, is the most beautiful part of Northern England and is the best suited for travel on foot or horseback tours.

Kotsuolds - a huge limestone escarpment 18 miles north-east of Bristol, is a stunningly beautiful place, full of picturesque charm of Agatha Christie, and decorated with magnificent cliffs, picturesque English countryside and wonderful views.

Lake District (Lake District) in the county of Lancashire - the most green and pleasant corner of England, with an abundance of green valleys, low but steep mountains, picturesque lakes and medieval villages that blends seamlessly into the mountainous terrain. Each of the lakes are quite unlike the "neighbor": Allsuoter, Grasmere and Windermere are considered the most beautiful, and the West Water, Water, and Krammok Battermere more entertaining and much less crowded crowds of tourists.

Scilly Islands, lying 28 miles southwest of Land's End, represent 140 rocky islets in the heart of the warm Gulf Stream. The mild climate allows you to grow plants and trees here, which do not grow anywhere else in England, and abundant bird colonies and interesting animal life make this region one of the best eco-tourism facilities in the country. Green Hills of Shropshire form one of the most beautiful, peaceful and characteristic area of England. Soft landscape and low population density makes these places very unusual area of tourism - almost in the center of a populous country can freely enjoy the extreme bike riding or take a light trekking. The capital of the county, Shrewsbury, is probably the most beautiful city of Tudor, and is known for its Romanesque buildings and windy medieval streets in many places has not changed over the past century. Near Vrokstera lie the ruins Virokonuma - the fourth largest city in Roman Britain. Ironbridge Gorge Museum (south of Telford) - the best museum of industrial archeology in Britain, and perhaps - and the world.

Scotland, with its castles and mountainous landscape - is a completely different country, a harsh and haughty, whose landscapes have created a well-deserved glory of the most picturesque area in the UK. Total in Scotland has 787 islands, almost all of them are inhabited. At the western islands may be especially good to feel that Scotland is not in vain is one of the last in Europe oases of wildlife. Famous Highlands ( "high ground") - a unique natural landscape in the north-west of the country, where the mountains are interspersed by sea, and meadows - forests.

Here are the highest point in the UK - the mountain of Ben Nevis, and the legendary Loch Ness, in the waters of which supposedly dwells prehistoric monster Nessie, which attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors to the Museum of the Loch Ness monster in the village Dramnadrochit. Here are many factories for the production first-class temples, medieval castles, fortresses and museums. At the world famous Palace Holiroud House in Edinburgh, Museum Kelvingrouv in Glasgow, the National Natural Museum Snowdonia "lock Bryn Bras, parks and waterfalls.

The largest city in Scotland - Glasgow (in translation from Celtic - "dear green place"). The city is really quite expensive and the whole is very green, but it has a very distinctive architectural appearance, combining Gothic, Italian Renaissance, Gregorian and Victorian styles. Glasgow is the center of the arts in Scotland and the venue for numerous festivals. Here is owned by one of the richest museums and galleries of Europe Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum Kelvingrouv. It is a kind of color give the city's Cathedral of St. Mungo (1136), Museum Hanterian, as well as the Glasgow Botanic Gardens and Zoo. The city has more than 30 art galleries and museums, including the famous "Burelli Collection" - one of the largest private art collections in the world, as well as the Gallery of Modern Art.

Edinburgh - sample weave times, history itself is divided into several parts: the Old Town (early Middle Ages), "new" (XVIII century) and modern. Edinburgh is considered one of the most beautiful but also most expensive European capitals and is famous for its castle Castle Rock (XII cent.), The majestic church of St. Margaret (XI cent.) And the Royal Palace Holiroud House (the former palace of Mary Stuart, and now the residence of the Queen of England). Georgiansky period before numerous city squares and shopping streets, the main of which - the ancient streets of the Royal-Mil and Princess Street, which are famous Scottish monument and the National Art Gallery. Very picturesque church of St. Gilles (XV cent.), The building of the Scottish Parliament (1639), and the house of the XVI century Protestant reformer. John Nonsa. Edinburgh and Glasgow have contested the right to be called the cultural capital of the country - here are the famous National Gallery of Scotland and the Portrait Gallery, Royal Museum, Museum of contemporary history and the history of Scotland. A number of ongoing festivals and concerts are just defies account.

Just an hour's drive from the Scottish capital at the beach located a small ancient town of St Andrews, where the oldest Scottish university, and the oldest in the country golf course. Tourists tend to visit Invereri to see the beautifully preserved Gothic castle in XII. lake Fein and the remnants of the fort in the IV. or one of the Scottish islands. The attention of the island of Arran (can be reached by ferry from Androssana), which is a museum of "Scotland in miniature". A half an hour from Edinburgh, Stirling is - fabulously beautiful university city. "Land of the waterfalls, the village called Vale-of-Neath near the Brecon National Park, Beaconsfield. In the north-east coast of Scotland is a historic Aberdeen, often called the "Silver City" for a special color of granite, which are composed of many buildings. The city is mentioned in medieval chronicles already in the days of William the Conqueror, and even then he was known throughout Europe, and in XII-XIV centuries. He was a residence of Scottish kings. In addition to the magnificent Gothic cathedral (1336-1552 gg.) It is now well known and their parks, botanical gardens and exhibits of flowers, year-round. Inverness - a small town 260 km. to the north of Edinburgh, but it is believed that it was from Inverness is Scotland's most ancient families, it is - the real birthplace of oatmeal, whiskey and bagpipes.

Wales - the land of magnificent scenery and magnificent medieval castles - for every square kilometer here has more castles than anywhere else in the world. The most famous castles, defensive ring, built in the days of King Edward I, Wales won in the XIII century.: Harlech Castle, towering on a cliff in the middle of Wales, Conwy Castle, situated at the mouth of the river, the castle Boumaris on the island of Anglesey, and of course the most impressive castle - Kernarfon. In 1969 it was in this castle took place the ceremony introducing the Queen of her son Charles in the title of Prince of Wales. Approximately one fifth of the territory of Wales is a National Park - the rocky peaks and glassy surface of lakes, sandy coves and bays, mysterious underground caves Dan ir-Ogof - the realm of stalactites and stalagmites.

Cardiff, the capital of Wales - the historical, commercial and cultural center of the country. Must look at the magnificent Cardiff Castle, a combination of a Roman fort and luxurious house of XIX century. with strolling peacocks. Fantastically beautiful and its neighboring castle Castle Koch with the existing drawbridge and cone-shaped towers, rebuilt from the ruins of the XVI century. And Landaf Cathedral and the Church of St. John the Baptist (XV cent.). Saint Deyvidz - the smallest cathedral city in the country. Here, in the cathedral of the XII century., Stored relics of Saint David, patron saint of Wales. In the area Solvin Bay can ride over the mountains in the booths or just hanging on the slopes of the old ride. Ropes stretch so high in the sky, that during the visit can view all the nearby coast and the surrounding rocky hills.

Belfast (Northern Ireland) is famous Protestant cathedral of St. Anne, the Ulster Museum and the Municipal House. From the natural attractions of Northern Ireland can provide the "Road Velikanov - rock formation made up of thousands of basalt columns multifaceted up to 6 meters high, and all of its coastline, full of quiet charm of a modest nature and the constant dimensional sound of the wind and surf.

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